FIO Researcher Qiao Fangli Elected as a Member of the Decade Advisory Board

Recently, researcher Qiao Fangli from the First Institute of Oceanography of the Ministry of Natural Resources (FIO, MNR) was elected as a member of the Advisory Board of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) (hereinafter referred to as "the Decade"), and will be deeply involved in the management of the Decade Actions implementation. The Decade is the most important ocean-related initiative launched by the United Nations in recent years. It aims to provide scientific solutions for global ocean governance and realize the sustainable development of the ocean. It is an ocean science revolution in the world and has attracted widespread attention from countries around the world. The successful election of researcher Qiao Fangli to the Decade Advisory Board fully reflects the international community's recognition of China's contribution and leadership in global ocean affairs, and is an important opportunity for China to participate in multilateral ocean governance mechanisms through scientific and technological innovation.

In 2020, the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) approved the Implementation Plan for the Decade and designated the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO-IOC) to coordinate the implementation of the Decade. It is also determined to select high-level experts from all over the world to form an Advisory Board, which is composed of five representatives of United Nations agencies and 15 national representatives, to provide advice to the United Nations and UNESCO-IOC, review and approve the Decade Actions, and guide the related work of the Decade. Given the critical role of the Advisory Board, countries attached great importance to its formation, and a total of 243 candidates were nominated, facing quite fierce competition. After strict selection and comprehensive consideration of the candidates' professional ability, international influence, geography, age and gender balance, 15 members from 13 countries were finally elected to the Advisory Board. In addition to Qiao Fangli, other elected members come from the United States, Norway, France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Argentina, Malaysia, Kenya, Costa Rica, Solomon Islands, Côte d'Ivoire and Seychelles, including world-renowned oceanographers and high-level managers, such as the executive director of the Nobel Foundation, chief scientific advisors to governments, and climate change negotiators.

Qiao Fangli is a Grade-II researcher of the First Institute of Oceanography of the Ministry of Natural Resources (FIO, MNR), an academician of the International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Ocean Modelling, Co-chair of UNESCO-IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC), and Chairman of the Chinese Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research. He broke through the traditional ocean dynamics framework of the division of wave, tide and current, and put forward the academic idea of coupled modeling of oceanic multi-motion forms. He developed the wave-induced mixing theory as the first person in the world around the international problem of turbulence, and discovered the mechanism of wave-turbulence interaction to strengthen turbulence. He revealed the key role of waves in sea-air momentum and heat flux and broke through the efficient parallel technology of over 10 million cores. On this basis, he led his team to develop the world's first coupled wave-tide-current model, which reduced the common error of shallow mixing layer simulation of ocean models by more than 80%. He overcame the international problem that typhoon intensity forecasts had stumbled for decades, and reduced the common error of tropical deviation of climate models by about half, advancing the development of China's ocean and climate models to the international forefront. His theory has been applied by more than 10 countries of developed marine science and technology, including some European and American countries, and has significantly improved their simulation and prediction capabilities. Qiao Fangli has received the first National Award for Excellence in Innovation, "Worcester Award", the top award of North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), and "Distinguished Scientist Award" of WESTPAC for his important contributions to the field of ocean science.